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托福考试全真例题分析--平行结构
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托福考试全真例题分析--平行结构

   1.含并列连词and but or的平行结构

  解题要点当上述并列连词连接两项或多项对等成分时,这些成分必须同词性、同形式。特别注意出现三项以上(含三项)的并列成分,多是考试焦点。

  全真例题分析

  (1) Quartz may be transparency, translucent, or opaque, and it may be colorless or colored (91.5)

  [答案] A并列连词or连接三项,其中两项为形容词translucent与opaque,故(A)应用形容词transparent与之并列。

  (2) At the age of 94. Composer, conductor. Arranger. And acting Eva Jessye led her choralsgroupsin the first production of the opera porgy and Bess, written in 1935. (92.1)

  [答案] A并列连词and连接四项表示身份职业的名词,故(A)动名词应改为actress。

  (3) Atrophy is a decrease in size of a cell, organ, tissues, or other part of the body such as (91.10)

  [答案] C并列连词or连接四项名词结构,其中cell和organ皆为单数形式,故(C)亦应改为单数tissue。
  (4) Direct mail advertising serves to acquaint customers with Products, alert them to new opportunities, and paving the way for other sales activities (93.1)
  [答案] C并列连词and连接三项动宾结构,前两项均为动词原形,故(C)动名词亦应改为原形动词pave.
  (5) A majority of the reports received from people claiming to have seen the lengendaiy Loch Ness monster have proven to be mistakes, misconceptions, or they were being tricked. (93.10)
  [答案] D并列连词or连接三项成分。前两项均为名词,故(D)不应出现句子结构,而应改为名词tricks与前面的mistakes和misconceptions平行。
  (6) The tongue is capable of many motions and configurations and plays vital rode in
chewing, swallowed and speaking.
  [答案] D并列连词and连接三个单词。其中两项均为动名词,故(D)亦应改为动名词swallowing。

  2.比较级句型要求对比双方结构对等,比较范围相当。

  全真列题分析
  (1) Probably no man had more effCET on the daily lives of most people in the United States ------- Henry Ford. A pioneer in automobile production.
  (A) as was
  (B) than was
  (C) than did
  (D) as did (92.8)
  [答案] C比较句型more…than要求比较的双方结构相等。前项是实义动词的过去时形式had,故选(C)than did与之平行。
  (2) The state of Maine generally has cooler temperatures than -------
  (A) there are most other states
  (B) most other states which have
  (C) most other states have
  (D)shavingsmost other states (93.10)
  [答案] C这是标准的more…than比较句型。只有(C)的句子结构与相对比的前一项完全一致。
  (3) The annual worth of Utah*s manufacturing is GREater than-------
  (A) that of its mining and farming combined
  (B) mining and farming combination
  (C) that mining and farming combined

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