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2007年考研英语冲刺阶段复习攻略(全)
http://www.21tx.com 2006年11月07日

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第一部分语言知识运用

这一部分主要考四方面的内容:

一是近义词的用法区别和比较,这主要包括名词和动词以及形容词和副词。如:区别justify, rectify, testify, identifyintensify等词。

二是语义转换词的使用,表转折的如:however, yetbut的用法。表顺承的如:furthermore, in additionbesides等。

三是考查词汇的生成知识,in the company of等同于andat the same time ,这个短语的理解是基于考生必须明白company来源于accompany。如accommodate这个词,考生必须明白它来自于ac+com+modate所以意思是适合、适应。

四是考查介词的使用,英语中的介词虽然数量有限,但是用法相对比较灵活,考生必须知道它们的准确语义。如:against, forbeyond的用法。

第二部分阅读理解

一、阅读题解法

阅读理解部分去年新增设“选择搭配题”,即在一篇总长500-600词的文章中有5段空白,文章后有6-7段文字,要求考生根据文章内容从这6-7段文字中选择能分别放进文章中5个空白处的5段,使原文上下文语义连贯、逻辑通顺。今年大纲中又增添了3种类似的题型以供选择,在真正的考试中只采用这四种题型中的一种,仍然是每题2分,共10分。由于考生对于新题型的陌生,缺乏符合新题型的阅读材料,使得这一部分的复习难度加大。为了解决这个问题,下面对大纲中提供的原题型进行分析,希望能够帮助考生熟悉题型,在考试中避免由于不熟悉题型而丢分的现象。由于样题1去年已经考过,该题型的涉及范围也很广了,所以在此不多说,直接从样题2开始。

Sample 2

Directions:

The following paragraphs are given in a wrong order.For questions 41-45, you are required to reorganize these paragraphs into a coherent article by choosing from the list A-G to fill in each numbered box. The first and the last paragrphs have been placed for you in Boxes. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET1. (10 points)

 

A]“I just dont know how to motivate them to do a better job. Were in a budget cruch and I have absolutely no financial rewards at my disposal. In fact, well probably have to lay some people off in the near future. Its hard for me to make the job interesting and challenging BECause it isn’t —it’s boring, routine paperwork, and there isn’t much you can do about it.”

B]“Finally, I cant say to them that their promotions will hinge on the Excellence of their paperwork. First of all, they know its not true. If their performance is adequate, most are more likely to get promoted just by staying on the force a certain number of years than for some specific outstanding act. Second, they were trained to do the job they do out in the streets, not to fill out forms. All through their carrer it is the arrests and interventions that get noticed. ”

C]“Ive got a real problem with my officers. They come on the force as young, inexperienced men, and we send them out on the street, either in cars or on a beat. They seem to like the contact they have with the public, the action involved in crime prevention, and the apprehension of criminals. They also like helping people out at fires, accidents, and other emergencies.”

D]“some people have suggested a number of thinglike using conviction records as a performance reiterion. However, we know thats not fair-too many wther things are involved. Bad paperwork increases the chance that you lose in court, but good paperwork does’t necessary mean you you’ll win. We tried setting up team competitions based on the excellence of the reports, but the guys caught on to that pretty quickly. No one was getting any type of reward for winning the competition, and they figured why should they labor when there was no payoff.”

E]“the problem occurs when they get back to the station. They hate to do the paperwork, and because they dislike it, the job is frequently put off or done inadequately. This lack of attention hurts us later on when we get to court. We need clear, factual reports. They must be highly detailed and unambiguous. As soon as one part of a report is shown to be inadequate or incorrect, the rest of the report is suspect. Poor reporting probably causes us to lose more cases than any other factor. ”

F]“So I just dont know what to do. Ive been groping in the dark in a number of years. And I hope that this seminar will shed some light on this problem of mine and help me out in my future work.

GA large metropolitan city government was putting on a number of seminars for administrators, managers and /or executives of various to be discussed was motivation-how we


  来源:文都教育

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