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08考研英语写作议论文十大功能段落示例
http://www.21tx.com 2007年12月29日 人民网-教育频道 资料提供:文都教育

  第一段:[1.现象/现状说明段] [2.图画描述段] [3.图表描述段]

  第二段:[4.观点阐释段] [5.利弊说明段]

  [6.意义阐述段] [7.原因阐释段] [8.举例说明段]

  第三段:[9.趋势预测段] [10建议措施段]

  1.现象/现状说明段

  It is commonly said that one’s first impression of a person is the most important one , and this is certainly true when applied to job interviews. This is BECause the manager often has to interview a dozen or more candidates in the space of only one or two hours, allotting no more than a few minutes to each.. Therefore, it is vital for the interviewee to make the best possible impression on his prospective employer during the interview.

  2.图画/.图表描述段

  The set of drawings above vividly depicts the destiny of a flower in different circumstances. As is shown in the first cartoon, the flower is placed in a comfortable GREenhouse which shelters it from the threatening lightning and storm. With proper temperature, moisture and fertilizer, the flower is growing in full bloom. On the contrary, when removed from the greenhouse and exposed to the driving rain, the flower soon fades and withers, with the petals cast on the ground.

  3.观点阐述段

  Should the development of private cars be encouraged or restricted in China? To judge this issue, we should look at three aspects: What are the advantages of private cars; what are their disadvantages; and is China ready for the free development of private cars?

  4.利弊说明段

  Nowadays, any Chinese can enjoy the luxury of owning a private car---if he or she can afford it. Having a car of your own means no more traveling to work on crowded buses or subway trains, and you can drop off the children at school on the way. Moreover, it also means that you can enjoy the weekends and holidays better, because with a car you can go to places where the regular buses and trains do not go, and so you can find a quiet scenic spot with no crowds.

  5.意义阐释段

  The purpose of this picture is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the decrease of ocean resources. Owing to over fishing, the number of fishes has obviously decreased. If we let this situation go as it is, we do not know where fish will be in the future. By that time, our environment will suffer a great destruction.

  6.原因阐释段

  Fake products are rampant on the market today for the following reasons. To profiteer enormously, quite a few firms produce shoddy goods. These producers do not take into account the quality of their products, but exaggerate their functions or effects. To make easy money, a number of stores knowingly sell counterfeit items. These sellers do not care whether or not the counterfeit items may cause damage to property and injury or even death to individuals, but fix their eyes on the money they can get from their customers.

  7.举例说明段

  For instance, when someone is starving to death, just a little food and water from you may save his life. Or when a little girl in a poor rural area drops out of school because of poverty, just a small sum of money from you may support her to finish her schooling and change her life, you have given love which is like a lamp in a dark place where light is most needed.

  8.趋势预测段

  However, the following figures indicate that the number of smokers is decreasing: The total value of tobacco production worldwide was 14.364 billion pounds in 1994, but this had dropped to 14.2 billion pounds by 1995. At the same time, many countries have passed laws forbidding smoking in public places, and there is a global campaign to dissuade people from smoking. Therefore, I think that tobacco consumption will definitely decrease in the years to come.

  9.建议措施段

  Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from these thought-provoking drawings. On the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlighten the youth to be more independent in life. On the other hand, parents should be sensible enough to given their children more freedom to deal with troubles and problems. Only by undergoing more challenges and toils in adversity can young people cultivate strong personality and ability, and only in this way can they become winners in this competitive world.

  10. 归纳结论段

  To sum up, we should offer our help to all the needed. We expect to get love from others and we also give love to others. So when you see someone in difficulty or in distress and in need of help, don't hesitate to give your love to him (her). I believe that the relationship between people will be harmonious and that our society will be a better place for us to live in.

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