·天新网首页·加入收藏·设为首页·网站导航
数码笔记本手机摄像机相机MP3MP4GPS
硬件台式机网络服务器主板CPU硬盘显卡
办公投影打印传真
家电电视影院空调
游戏网游单机动漫
汽车新车购车试驾
下载驱动源码
学院开发设计
考试公务员高考考研
业界互联网通信探索
您现在的位置:天新网 > 考试 > GRE > GRE 动态
GRE填空真题详解:99年4月
http://www.21tx.com 2008年06月05日
99年4月section 2

  1.【中文释义】因为商界变得清醒意识到他们的广告必须着眼于消费者日常关心之物,所以他们的商业广告将会有更多的现实主义的特征。

  【解题分析】as引导一个简单的因果关系 ,第二空格应与上文的everyday concerns相关,同义或反义取决于第一个空格,但在五个选项中, everyday concerns的同义词或反义词只出现一个b的realism, 故直接选b即可。

  【重点词条】allay 1: to subdue or reduce in intensity or severity: alleviate 2: to make quiet: calm ~ vi, obs: to diminish in strength: subside syn see relieve

  address 1 archaic a: direct, aim b: to direct to go: send 2 a: to direct the efforts or attention of (oneself) b: to deal with: treat 3 archaic: to make ready; esp: dress 4 a: to communicate directly <~es his thanks to his host> b: to speak or write directly to; esp: to deliver a formal speech to 5 a: to mark directions for delivery on <~ a letter> b: to consign to the care of another (as an agent or factor) 6: to GREet by a prescribed form 7: to adjust the club preparatory to hitting (a golf ball) 8: to identify (as a peripheral or memory location) by an address or a name for information transfer ~ vi, obs: to direct one's speech or attentions —— ad.dress.er n 2ad.dress n (1539) 1: dutiful and courteous attention esp. in courtship——usu. used in pl. 2 a: readiness and capability for dealing (as with a person or problem) skillfully and smoothly: adroitness b obs: a making ready; also: a state of preparedness 3 a: manner of bearing oneself b: manner of speaking or singing: delivery 4: a formal communication; esp: a prepared speech delivered to a special audience or on a special occasion 5 a: a place where a person or organization may be communicated with b: directions for delivery on the outside of an object (as a letter or package) c: the designation of place of delivery placed between the heading and salutation on a business letter 6: a preparatory position of the player and club in golf 7: a location (as in the memory of a computer) where particular information is stored; also: the digits that identify such a location syn see tact

  2.【中文释义】因为这个律师的方法被查明是很无耻的,所以纪律委员会废除了他的特权。

  【重点词条】unscrupulous not scrupulous: unprincipled —— un.scru.pu.lous.ly adv —— un.scru.pu.lous.ness n

  revoke 1: to annul by recalling or taking back: rescind <~ a will> 2: to bring or call back ~ vi: to fail to follow suit when able in a card game in violation of the rules —— re.vok.er n 2revoke n (1709): an act or instance of revoking in a card game

  reprehensible : worthy of or deserving reprehension: culpable —— rep.re.hen.si.bil.i.ty n —— rep.re.hen.si.ble.ness n —— rep.re.hen.si.bly adv

  augment 1: to make greater, more numerous, larger, or more intense 2: to add an augment to 3: supplement <~ed her scholarship by working nights> ~ vi: to BECome augmented syn see increase —— aug.ment.er or aug.men.tor n 2aug.ment n (ca. 1771): a vowel prefixed or a lengthening of the initial vowel to mark past time esp. in Greek and Sanskrit verbs

  3.【中文释义】如此具有智慧和成就的人居然会如此贪婪并且缺乏正直感,以至于他们不惜违反法律,以它们的声誉为赌注来进一步推进他们自己最终成就。

  【解题分析】nonetheless表转折,所以第一空格应填贬义,第二空格褒义,再由so——that 结构,可得答案e。

  【重点词条】devious 1: out-of-the-way, remote 2 a: wandering, roundabout b: moving without a fixed course: errant <~ breezes> 3 a: deviating from a right, accepted, or common course b: not straightforward: cunning; also: deceptive —— de.vi.ous.ly adv —— de.vi.ous.ness n

  integrity 1: firm adherence to a code of esp. moral or artistic values: incorruptibility 2: an unimpaired condition: soundness 3: the quality or state of being complete or undivided: completeness

  4.【中文释义】一些科学家发表文章来揭示全球变暖的真相,断然指出并没有充分的科学论据支持这个理论 由于温室气体的增加,地球正在变暖。

  【解题分析】第二空格填副词,可以不予考虑,直接由这一段文字知学者们认为温室效应并无根据,这一段分隔就是对前文的重复,可选出a.b.d,而b.d第二个副词又不对,故选a。

  【重点词条】debunk : to expose the sham or falseness of <~ a legend> —— de.bunk.er categorical 1: absolute, unqualified 2 a: of, relating to, or constituting a category b: involving, according with, or considered with respect to specific categories —— cat.e.gor.i.cal.ly adv

  deplore 1 a: to feel or express grief for b: to regret strongly 2: to consider unfortunate or deserving of deprecation ——

  5.【中文释义】这个议员企图使公众确信她对参加第二届连任竞选毫无兴趣,这种企图与她的对手希望掩盖自己与她竞选的企图一样不成功。

  【解题分析】这个句子已经是第三次出现了,又少许变了点花样,句子简化后为the attempt is as unsuccessful as her opponent's attempt. 事实上只要挑一个能修饰主语attempt的形容词就可以了,答案b。

  【重点词条】inadvertent 1: not focusing the mind on a matter: inattentive 2: unintentional —— in.ad.ver.tent.ly adv

  remote 1: separated by an interval or space greater than usual 2: far removed in space, time, or relation: divergent 3: out-of-the-way, secluded 4: acting, acted on, or controlled indirectly or from a distance <~ computer

  6.【中文释义】默克莱里的谈话展示着自己的愚蠢:她从来不能讲一个故事,主要因为她总是忘记,并且,除非是意外情况,她从来都没有能力理解一个俏皮话。

  【解题分析】冒号前后表示解释,冒号后显然是在展示她的各种愚蠢的表现。be guilty of 的含义在这一句子中知“理解了或意识到了……".

  【重点词条】stultify 1: to allege or prove to be of unsound mind and hence not responsible 2: to cause to appear or be stupid, foolish, or absurdly illogical 3 a: to impair, invalidate, or make ineffective: negate b: to have a dulling or inhibiting effect on —— stul.ti.fi.ca.tion n

  guilty: syn conscious, cognizant Page 1010 Webster's Third New International Dictionary

  7.【中文释义】不管不顾对它的许多批评,阅读教学法的纯文本宗旨继续在教育家中获得主流地位。

  【解题分析】两个空格应为反义词,正确答案c。

  【重点词条】detractor 1 archaic: to speak ill of 2 archaic: to take away 3: divert <~ attention> ~ vi: to diminish the importance, value, or effectiveness of something——often used with from —— de.trac.tor n

  notoriety 1: the quality or state of being notorious 2: a notorious person

  prevalence 1: the quality or state of being prevalent 2: the degree to which something is prevalent; esp: the percentage of a population that is affected with a particular disease at a given time

  credibility 1: the quality or power of inspiring belief 2: capacity for belief

  99年4月section 5

  1.【中文释义】她对攀岩很害怕,这并没有动摇她去参加朋友们攀岩历险的决心。

  【重点词条】aspiration 1 a: audible breath that accompanies or comprises a speech sound b: the pronunciation or addition of an aspiration; also: the symbol of an aspiration 2: a drawing of something in, out, up, or through by or as if by suction: as a: the act of breathing and esp. of breathing in b: the withdrawal of fluid or tissue from the body c: the taking of foreign matter into the lungs with the respiratory current 3 a: a strong desire to achieve something high or great b: an object of such desire syn see ambition —— as.pi.ra.tion.al adj

  knowledgeable ): having or exhibiting knowledge or intelligence: keen —— knowl.edge.abil.i.ty n —— knowl.edge.able.ness n —— knowl.edge.ably adv

  2.【中文释义】关于高浓度的具有潜在危险的化学物对少量人口的效果的数据总是频繁地被用来预测更低的同种化学物在更大数量人口中的影响。

  【解题分析】句子主干为data are used to predict (c) the effects 能和data构成搭配的是c

  【重点词条】augment 1: to make greater, more numerous, larger, or more intense 2: to add an augment to 3: supplement <~ed her scholarship by working nights> ~ vi: to become

  3.【中文释义】从概念上来看,很难调和这两个概念:其一是辩护律师的责任来确保不会故意地提供虚假证词,其二是律师的被授予的权利来为当事人准备令人信服的最有力的辩护词。

  【解题分析】只要分清主干reconcile a defense attorney's ( ) with the attorney's mandate即可知空格应填mandate的反义词。

  【重点词条】mandate 1: an authoritative command; esp: a formal order from a superior court or official to an inferior one 2: an authorization to act given to a representative 3 a: an order or commission granted by the League of Nations to a member nation for the establishment of a responsible government over a former German colony or other conquered territory b: a mandated territory 2mandate vt man.dat.ed ; man.dat.ing (1919) 1: to administer or assign (as a territory) under a mandate 2: to make mandatory: order; also: direct, require

  mount 1: a high hill: mountain——used esp. before an identifying name 2 archaic: a protective earthwork 3: mound 2a(1) 2mount vb vi (14c) 1: rise, ascend 2: to increase in amount or extent 3: to get up on something above the level of the ground; esp: to seat oneself (as on a horse) for riding ~ vt 1 a: to go up: climb b (1): to seat or place oneself on (2): cover 6a 2 a: to lift up: raise b (1): to put or have (as artillery) in position (2): to have as equipment c (1): to organize and equip (an attacking force) <~ an army> (2): to launch and carry out (as an assault or a campaign) 3: to set on something that elevates 4 a: to cause to get on a means of conveyance b: to furnish with animals for riding 5: to post or set up for defense or observation <~ed some guards> 6 a: to attach to a support b: to arrange or assemble for use or display 7 a: to prepare (as a specimen) for examination or display b: to prepare and supply with the materials necessary for performance or execution: produce <~ an opera> —— mount.able adj —— mount.er n 3mount n (15c) 1: an act or instance of mounting; specif: an opportunity to ride a horse in a race 2: frame, support: as a: the material (as cardboard) on which a picture is mounted b: a jewelry setting c (1): an undercarriage or part on which a device (as a motor or an artillery piece) rests in service (2): an attachment for an accessory d: a hinge, card, or aCETate envelope for mounting a stamp e: a glass slide with its accessories on which objects are placed for examination with a microscope 3: a means of conveyance; esp: saddle horse

  4.【中文释义】“现代”这个词汇被历史学家们用得非常广泛,最近的汇报表明,它得含义已经变得比以往任何时候都更不确定。

  【解题分析】由be used broadly可推断"modern"的含义现在变得“不确定”

  【重点词条】pejorative a pejorative word or phrase 2pejorative adj (ca. 1888): having negative connotations; esp: tending to disparage or belittle: depreciatory —— pe.jo.ra.tive.ly adv

  amorphous 1 a: having no definite form: shapeless b: being without definite character or nature: unclassifiable c: lacking organization or unity 2: having no real or apparent crystalline form: uncrystallized —— amor.phous.ly adv —— amor.phous.ness n

  5.【中文释义】他不会容忍任何讨论,最终他命令我们沉默。

  【解题分析】and前后表因果,符合因果关系得只有a。

  【重点词条】fathom 1: a unit of length equal to six feet (1.83 meters) used esp. for measuring the depth of water 2: comprehension 2fathom vi (1607) 1: probe 2: to take soundings ~ vt 1: to measure by a sounding line 2: to penetrate and come to understand —— fath.om.able adj

  6.【中文释义】从体质上说,大多数对通俗文化的理性批判在其内涵上是可笑的,它们建立在这样的假设之上,即吸引力越广泛,作品越受欢迎。

  【解题分析】后半句的假设实际上就是通俗文化的精神实质,所以理性批判的前提假设实际上与通俗文化一致,故理性批判对通俗文化的批判就变成了对自己的根本前提的批判,所以非常可笑。

  【重点词条】appeal 1: a legal proceeding by which a case is brought before a higher court for review of the decision of a lower court 2: a criminal accusation 3 a: an application (as to a recognized authority) for corroboration, vindication, or decision b: an earnest plea: entreaty 4: the power of arousing a sympathetic response: attraction 2appeal vb vt (14c) 1: to charge with a crime: accuse 2: to take proceedings to have (a lower court's decision) reviewed in a higher court ~ vi 1: to take a lower court's decision to a higher court for review 2: to call upon another for corroboration, vindication, or decision 3: to make an earnest request 4: to arouse a sympathetic response —— ap.peal.abil.i.ty n —— ap.peal.able adj —— ap.peal.er n

  outlandish 1: of or relating to another country: foreign 2 a: strikingly out of the ordinary: bizarre b: exceeding proper or reasonable limits or standards 3: remote from civilization syn see strange —— out.land.ish.ly adv —— out.land.ish.ness n

  shoddy 1 a: a reclaimed wool from materials that are not felted that is of better quality and longer staple than mungo b: a fabric often of inferior quality manufactured wholly or partly from reclaimed wool 2 a: inferior, imitative, or pretentious articles or matter b: pretentious vulgarity 2shoddy adj shod.di.er ; -est (1847) 1: made wholly or partly of shoddy 2 a: cheaply imitative: vulgarly pretentious b: hastily or poorly done: inferior c: shabby —— shod.di.ly adv —— shod.di.ness n

  7.【中文释义】让人吃惊的是,考虑到稻谷只承受了如此少的降雨,收成是相当令人欢欣鼓舞的;随之而来的是这个国家的稻谷储量并没有减少。

  【解题分析】由given 因果关系可得b,d,再由consequently可得b。

  【重点词条】 replenish 1 a: to fill with persons or animals: stock b archaic: to supply fully: perfect c: to fill with inspiration or power: nourish 2 a: to fill or build up again <~ed his glass> b: to make good: replace ~ vi: to become full: fill up again —— re.plen.ish.able adj —— re.plen.ish.er n —— re.plen.ish.ment n

上一篇: GRE作文范例1
下一篇: GRE填空真题详解:96年4月

关于我们 | 联系我们 | 加入我们 | 广告服务 | 投诉意见 | 网站导航
Copyright © 2000-2011 21tx.com, All Rights Reserved.
晨新科技 版权所有 Created by TXSite.net