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PETS-2语法讲解(309)
http://www.21tx.com 2008年09月27日
  I was stuck in meetings all day.
  对于日理万机的生意人,他们每天的工作可能就是开会,他们常抱怨道:I was stuck in meetings all day. (我整天忙着开会),如果你想跟这种人约会,恐怕要早点预约。要表示忙着公事,英文可以说:I'm stuck at the office. (我很忙不能离开)/I've been tied-up all day. (我忙得不可开交)。
  对 话
  Helen: I called and called you today but couldn't get through.
  Leo: Sorry, I was stuck in meetings all day. I was out of the office. I didn't even get a break for lunch. What did you want?
  Helen: I wanted to tell you that your boss called.
  Leo: What did he want?   Helen: He wanted to tell you that you're fired and not to bother going to any meetings. Honey, now that you're free all day there are a few things around the house I'd like you to do. Let's have a family meeting about it.
  海伦:我打了很多次电话给你,但是都没有接通。
  李奥:对不起,我整天忙着开会、不在办公室,甚至午餐也没有吃,你找我什么事?
  海伦:我想告诉你,你老板找你。
  李奥:他想怎样?   海伦:他想告诉你你被开除,不必去开什么会了。蜜糖儿,现在你整天都有空,家里有些事要你帮忙,一起开个家庭会议谈谈吧!
  海伦告诉丈夫:The boss wanted to tell you that you're fired and not to bother going to any meetings(老板要告诉你,你被开除了,不必去开什么会了)。这句话,口头上说来颇觉自然,书面上却有点问题:问题在于faulty parallelism,即‘平行结构错误’。
  And、or是所谓‘对等连接词’(coordinating conjunction),所连接的文字,文法上前后应该相称。例如你可以说He was a coward.(他是个胆小鬼),也可以说He was dishonest.(他并不诚实),但你不能说He was a coward and dishonest,因为coward是名词,dishonest是形容词,文法上并不相称,句子可改正如下:He was cowardly and dishonest。留意cowardly虽以ly结尾,却是形容词,a cowardly man即‘胆小鬼’。
  谨再举一个平行结构错误的例子:你可以说I hate staying up late.(我不喜欢熬夜),也可以说I hate to get up early(我不喜欢早起),但你不能说I hate staying up late and to get up early,应说I hate staying up late and getting up early或I hate to stay up late and get up early。
  现在看海伦那句话。Tell之后,可以用‘受词(object)+that子句(clause)’,也可以用‘受词+to+原形动词(infinitive)’,但把两个句式用and接连,就不对称了。书面上,句子宜修改如下:The boss wanted to tell you that you're fired and you needn't bother going to any meetings。

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