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GRE出国考试历年真题之选择题精选(三)
http://www.21tx.com 2010年04月21日 环球职业教育在线

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  1、Paradoxically, England’s colonization of North America was ----- by its success: the increasing prosperity of the colonies diminished their dependence upon, and hence their loyalty to, their home country.

  A, demonstrated

  B, determined

  C, altered

  D, undermined

  E, distinguished

  paradoxically: adv.1.似非而是地,佯谬地 2.自相矛盾地 3.悖理地,反常地

  colonization: n.殖民统治

  prosperity: n.兴旺,繁荣昌盛

  loyalty: n.忠诚

  demonstrate: v.1.论证,证明 2.说明,教 3.显示,表露

  alter: v.改变,改动,使变样

  矛盾的是,英国在北美的殖民统治反而由于它的成功而遭到削弱:诸殖民地的日益繁荣减少了它们对其宗主国的依赖,因而亦减少了它们对它的忠诚。

  2、Although Harry, Stack Sullivan is one of the most influential social scientists of this century, his ideas are now so ----- in our society that they seem almost --------.

  A, novel.. antiquated

  B, revolutionary.. fundamental

  C, commonplace .. banal

  D, disputed.. esoteric

  E, obscure.. familiar

  【翻译】虽然哈利·斯塔克·沙利文是本世纪最具影响的社会科学家之一但是现在看来,他的思想在我们的社会中显得如此普通平凡,以致于几近平庸。

  3、Her first concert appearance was disappointingly perfunctory and derivative, rather than the--------performance in the -------style we had anticipated.

  A, talented.. tenuous

  B, prosaic.. classic

  C, artistic.. mechanical

  D, inspired.. innovative

  E, literal.. enlightened

  perfunctory: a.敷衍了事的,马虎的,得过且过的

  derivative: a.1.派生的,衍生的 2.缺乏独创性的,模仿他人的

  tenuous: a.1.细的,薄的 2.稀薄的,脆弱的

  prosaic: a.1.散文的 2.平凡的,乏味的

  inspired: a.受神灵启示的,在灵感支配下的

  literal: a.1.逐字的,照字面的,原义的 2.只讲究实际的,缺乏想象力的,刻板的,如实的

  enlightened: a.开明的,有知识的,文明的

  她的首场音乐会演出令人失望地显得敷衍了事,且有模仿他人之嫌,而不是我们所期待的那种灵感迸发的演出和令人耳目一新的风格。

  4、As is often the case with collections of lectures by ------ authors, the book as a whole is ------, although the individual contributions are outstanding in themselves.

  A, different.. disconnected

  B, incompetent.. abysmal

  C, famous.. systematic

  D, mediocre.. unexciting

  E, various.. coherent

  contribution: n.(投给报刊等的)稿件,文搞

  incompetent: a.不称职的不胜任的

  abysmal: a.深不可测的,无底的,极度的

  对于那些由不同的作者的演讲录编辑而成的集子来说,常有的情形是,整本书会显得杂乱无章,尽管单独的稿件就其本身而言可谓很出色。

  5、Although some consider forcefulness and ------- to be two traits desirable to the same deGREe, I think that making a violent effort is much less useful than main-taining a steady one.

  A, promptness

  B, persistence

  C, aggression

  D, skillfulness

  E, lucidity

  trait: n.特征,特点,特性

  promptness: n.快捷,迅速

  aggression: n.侵犯(行为),侵略(行为),挑衅

  lucidity: n.明晰易懂,清澈透明

  虽然有人认为强劲有力和坚持不懈这两种特征同等可取,但我认为作一剧烈的努力远没有维持一稳定的努力来得有用。

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